PS Milk, Raw, a campaign for (This is a great resource that is being converted from a PPT and as such needs lots of formatting. I have taken the pictures out and am in the process of tidying up. Please excuse the mess but I thought the information 2 important to wait till I got around to finishing it. If you can tidy it up b4 me please email the update. I am, without prejudice, Jeremy of the Bowler lineage.)
A Campaign for RAW MILK
Is Real Milk Safe?
Is Real Milk More Nutritious?
Is Milk from Pastured Cows More Nutritious?
Is Real Milk Better for Farmers?
Part 1: Is Raw Milk Safe?
Raw Milk Is Uniquely Safe
Consider the calf, born in the muck, which then suckles on its mother’s manure-covered teat. How can that calf, or any mammal survive?
Because raw milk contains multiple, natural, redundant systems of bioactive components that can reduce or eliminate populations of pathogenic bacteria.
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk: Lactoperoxidase
Uses small amounts of H2O2 and free radicals to seek out and destroy bad bacteria1
Found in all mammalian secretions—breast milk, tears, saliva, etc.1,2
Levels are 10 times higher in goat milk than in breast milk3
Other countries are looking into using lactoperoxidase instead of pasteurization to ensure safety of commercial milk as well as for preserving other foods1,2,4,5
1. Indian J Exp Biology, 1998;36: 808-810.
2. British J Nutrition, 2000;84(Suppl. 1.): S19-S25.
3. J Dairy Sci, 1991;74:783-787.
4. Life Sciences, 2000;66(25):2433-2439.
5. Trends in Food Science & Technology 16 (2005) 137-154
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk: Lactoferrin
Plentiful in raw milk; effectiveness greatly reduced by pasteurization1
Steals iron away from pathogens and carries it through the gut wall into the blood stream; has anti-inflammatory properties; stimulates the immune system1
Kills wide range of pathogens including viruses; does not kill beneficial bacteria.2
In a study involving mice bred to be susceptible to tuberculosis, treatment with lactoferrin significantly reduced the burden of tuberculosis organisms.3
Mice injected with Candida albicans, another iron-loving organism, had increased survival time when treated with lactoferrin.4
Believed to cut visceral fat levels by as much as 40%.5 Many other health benefits—is sold as a supplement!
FDA approved for use in anti-microbial spray to combat E. coli O157:H7 contamination in meat industry!6
1. British J Nutrition, 2000;84(Suppl. 1):S11-S17; JACN 2001 20(5):389S-395S.
2. Zimecki and Kruzel. J Exp Ther Oncol. 2007;6(2):89-106; International Dairy Journal 2006 16:1252-1261
3. J Experimental Med, 2002 DEC 02;196(11):1507-1513.
4. Infection and Immunity, 2001 JUN;69(6):3883-3890.
5. MSN-Mainichi Daily News, 2007 APR 11.
6. FDA News, August 22, 2004
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk: Other Bioactive Components I – Components of Blood
Leukocytes—Eat all foreign bacteria, yeast and molds (phagocytosis). Destroyed at 56C and by pumping milk. Produce H2O2 to activate the lacto-peroxidase system. Produce anaerobic CO2 that blocks all aerobic microbes. Basis of immunity.
B-lymphocytes – Kill foreign bacteria; call in other parts of the immune system1,2
Macrophages – Engulf foreign proteins and bacteria2
Neutrophils – Kill infected cells; mobilize other parts of the immune system1
T-lymphocytes – Multiply if bad bacteria are present; produce immune-strengthening compounds1
Immunoglobulins (IgM, IgA, IgG1, IgG2)--Transfer of immunity from cow to calf/person in milk and especially colostrum; provides "passive immunization"2
Antibodies—Bind to foreign microbes and prevent them from migrating outside the gut; initiate immune response.
Scientific American, December 1995.
British J of Nutrition, 2000:84(Suppl. 1):S3-S10, S75-S80, S81-S89, S135-136.
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk:Other Bioactive Components II – Fats and Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides—Encourage the growth of good bacteria in the gut; protect the gut wall
Oligosaccharides – Protect other components from being destroyed by stomach acids and enzymes; bind to bacteria and prevent them from attaching to the gut lining; other functions just being discovered.1,2
Medium-Chain Fatty Acids—Disrupt cell walls of bad bacteria; levels so high in goat milk that the test for the presence of antibiotics had to be changed; may reduce intestinal injury and protect the liver.3
Phospholipids and Spingolipids—bind to intestinal cells, prevent absorption of pathogens and toxins.4 Spingolipids are important components in cell membranes, protect cells against toxins, support digestion and protect against cancer.
1. British J Nutrition, 2000:84(Suppl. 1):S3-S10.
2. Scientific American, December 1995.
3. International Dairy Journal 2006 16:1374-1382 and 1362-1373
4. Spingolipids and Cancer, scitopics.com; Koopman, J S, et al, AJPH, 1984, 74:12:1371-1373
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk:Other Bioactive Components III
Enzymes, e.g. Complement & Lysozyme—Disrupt bacterial cell walls. Complement destroyed at 56C; Lysozyme at 90C.1,2
Hormones & Growth Factors – Stimulate maturation of gut cells; prevent "leaky" gut.2
Mucins – Adhere to bacteria and viruses, preventing those organisms from attaching to the mucosa and causing disease.1,2
Fibronectin – Increases anti-microbial activity of macrophages and helps to repair damaged tissues.1
Glycomacropeptide – Inhibits bacterial/viral adhesion, suppresses gastric secretion, and promotes bifido-bacterial growth; supports immune system. 3
1. British J Nutrition, 2000:84(Suppl. 1):S3-S10.
2. Scientific American, December 1995.
3. British J Nutrition, 2000:84(Suppl. 1):S3-S10, S39-S46
Built-In Protective Systems in Raw Milk:Other Bioactive Components IV
Beneficial Bacteria – Lactobacilli and bifidus bacteria, crowd out bad bacteria, product lactic acid that kills bad bacteria.
Bifidus Factor – Promotes growth of Lactobacillus bifidus, a helpful bacteria in baby’s gut, which helps crowd out dangerous germs1,2
B12 Binding Protein – Reduces Vitamin B12 in the colon, which harmful bacteria need for growth1
Lactoglobulins: Carry vitamins A and D and possibly other nutrients.3
1. Scientific American, December 1995.
2., British J Nutrition, 2000:84(Suppl. 1):S3-S10, S39-S46.
3. FEBS Journal 2009 276:2251-2265.
Fivefold Protective System in Raw Milk
Destroys pathogens in the milk.
Stimulates the Immune system.
Builds healthy gut wall.
Prevents absorption of pathogens and toxins in the gut.
Ensures assimilation of all the nutrients.
Destruction of Built-In Safety Systems by Pasteurization
1. Scientific American , December 1995.
2. The Lancet , 17 NOV 1984;2(8412):1111-1113.
Destruction of Built-In Safety Systems by Pasteurization II
Milk’s anti-microbial properties have been detailed only recently, but the destruction of protective properties was recognized as early as 1938 in studies showing that raw milk did not support the growth of a wide range of pathogens.
Researchers noted that heating milk supports the growth of harmful bacteria by inactivating "inhibins" (factors that inhibit bacterial growth).
The Drug and Cosmetic Industry , 1938:43:1.
What is Pasteurization?
PASTEURIZATION is a process that slows microbial growth in food.
NOT INTENDED TO KILL ALL PATHOGENS: Pasteurization is not intended to kill all pathogenic micro-organisms in the food or liquid, but aims to reduce the number of viable pathogens so they are unlikely to cause disease.
TWO MAIN TYPES of pasteurization used today:
1. High Temperature/Short Time (HTST): 161o F for 15-20 seconds
2. Ultra-Heat Treated (UHT): 280o F for fraction of second
RAPID HEATING: Both treatments involve rapid heating by forcing the milk between super heated stainless steel plates.
Coliforms – not the same as pathogens
Rod-shaped bacteria found everywhere in the environment, including the gut, the feces, soil, water and plants.
Four main groups: E.coli, Kiebsiella, Enterobacter, Citrobacter.
Key characteristic: ferment lactose into lactic-acid.
". . . Research results have shown that total coliforms may not be an appropriate bacterial indicator of fecal pollution."
". . . Significant concentrations of coliforms in distribution systems do not represent a health risk to water consumers."
"With few exceptions, coliforms themselves are not considered to be a health risk. . ."
"It is widely accepted that the total coliform group of bacteria is diverse and they can be considered normal inhabitants of many soil and water environments that have not been impacted by fecal pollution."
Stevens and others. Review of Coliforms, Australian Government, 10-11 April 2003
Coliforms in raw milk inhibit pathogen growth
Enterococci (considered "virulent" and/or "antibiotic resistant" in hospitals) inhibit pathogens such as Listeria in raw feta cheese. eurekalert.org, April, 2008.
Lactobicillus and staphylococus produce bacteriocins against L. Monocytogenes and are sold as commercial starters to control listeria. Hull. Australian Journal of Dairy Technology Aug 2007;62(2):100-102
Staphylococci , Streptococci , Lactobacillis and Ent. faecalis in raw human milk inhibit pathogenic Staph aureus . Heikkila and Saris. J Appl Microbiology 2003,95, 471-478
New Medical Paradigm- Coliforms Essential
OLD PARADIGM: Healthy human body is sterile and microbes attack it, making us sick.
NEW PARADIGM: Healthy human body lives in symbiotic relationship with microorganisms.
Arguments for pasteurization are based on a discredited medical paradigm.
Medical Uses of Coliform Bacteria
Reseeding of colon with fecal bacteria to combat diarrhea from overgrowth of Clostridium difficile after antibiotic treatment.
Lactobacillis to combat rotaviruses that cause diarrhea and intestinal inflammation in children.
Streptococcus nasal spray to combat pathogens that cause otitis media (ear infections).
Lactobacillis to prevent Staph. aureus from colonizing wound sites.
A harmless strain of E. Coli injected into the bladder to successfully combat urinary tract infections.
Science News Online , February 2, 2002; Vol 161, No. 5.
Food-Borne Illnesses Associated with Milk
A Comparison with Other Foods, 1997
Milk, both pasteurized and raw,
has low rate of causing food-borne illness
MMWR Mar 2, 2000:49(SS01);1-51
Food-Borne Illnesses 1990 - 2004
Center for Science in the Public Interest
Food-Borne Illness 1999-2006
Campylobacter —Most Common Cause of Food-Borne Illness
While raw milk often gets the blame for food-borne illnesses, Campylobacter is the most common cause and is best known for contaminating meats.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology , 2001:67(12):5431-5436
Listeria monocytogenes – Deadly food pathogen
Raw milk is often blamed for causing infection with Listeria Monocytogenes, a deadly food pathogen that can cause severe illness and fetal death, premature birth or neonatal illness and death.
In a 2003 USDA/FDA report: Compared to raw milk
515 times more illnesses from L-mono due to deli meats
29 times more illness from L-mono due to pasteurized milk
On a PER-SERVING BASIS, deli meats were TEN times more likely to cause illness
FDA: "Raw milk is inherently dangerous and should not be consumed."
Where are the FDA’s charges that deli meats are "inherently dangerous and should not be consumed? Where is the FDA’s exhortation to "everyone charged with protecting the public health" to "prevent the sale of deli meats to consumers"?
Interpretive Summary – Listeria Monocytogenes Risk Assessment ,
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition,
FDA, USDHHS, USDA, Sept. 2003, page 17
Listeria monocytogenes – Not a Problem in Raw Milk
In a response to a Freedom of Information Act request, the Centers for Disease Control provided data on raw milk outbreaks 1993-2005—a 13-year period.
In this report, CDC listed NO cases of foodborne illness from raw milk caused by Listeria during the period.
Recently the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) has suspended sales of several dairies and issued inflammatory press releases, claiming Listeria monocytogenes in the milk.
Independent tests have shown NO Listeria in the milk and in all cases sales were resumed. There were no illnesses.
Is the PDA trying to falsely build a case that Listeria is a problem in raw milk?
Raw Milk Challenge Tests I
Large amounts of Campylobacter (an amount found in 20,000 grams manure) added to chilled raw milk (4o C):
Most strains showed a dramatic decline
Day 0 = 13,000,000/ml
Day 9 = less than 10/ml
The only stain that did not decline was
a non-human strain.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology ,
Raw Milk Challenge Tests II
Campylobacter in raw milk at body temperature (37o C):
Bovine strains decreased by 100 cells/ml in 48 hrs.
Poultry strains decreased by 10,000 cells/ml in 48 hrs.
The protective components worked more quickly to reduce levels of pathogens in warm milk than in chilled milk.
Mikrobiyolji Bul ,1987:21(3):200-5
Raw Milk Challenge Tests III
Lactoperoxidase in raw milk kills added fungal and bacterial agents1, 2
Raw goat milk kills Campylobacter jejuni in a challenge test 3
1. Life Sciences, 2000;66(25):2433-9.
2. Indian J Experimental Biology, 1998;36:808-10.
3. J. Food Protection,63: 916-920.
Raw Milk Challenge Tests IV
Seven strains of E. coli O157:H7 in amounts of 1 million/ml added to raw milk. The pathogen failed to grow and died off gradually.1
L. mono added to raw milk at 98.6o F. After 56 hours, no viable cells of L. mono were detectible.2
"The growth of Staph. Aureus, S. Enteritidis and L. monocytogenes in raw milk at 99o C was reduced markedly compared to the growth of these organisms in pasteurized milk."3
Five strains of E. coli O157:H7 did not grow at 41o F and decreased over days.4
Raw Milk Challenge Tests V
BSK Food & Dairy Laboratories (2002) inoculated raw colostrum and raw milk samples at 40o F from Organic Pastures Dairy (Fresno, California) with a cocktail containing
2.4 million Salmonella, 9.2 million E. coli O157:H7 and 8.1 million Listeria monocytogenes (these huge amounts a very unlikely occurrence in a real-life situation).
Yet even with these huge amounts, pathogen counts declined over time and in some cases were undetectable within a week.
E.coli O157:H7 did increase slightly after seven-days decline, possibly due to exhaustion of anti-microbial components in the milk.
The laboratory concluded: "Raw colostrum and raw milk do not appear to support the growth of Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7 or Listeria monocytogenes."
McAffee, M. Unpublished data.
Raw Milk from C onventional Dairies – Not Recommended
Even though populations of pathogens are reduced and even eliminated when added in very large quantities to raw milk, we do NOT recommend consumption of raw milk from confinement dairies.
Under extreme conditions, the multiple anti-microbial components of raw milk may be overwhelmed.
The Money that Pays for Our Food Is a Source of Pathogens
E. Coli has been shown to survive on coins for 7-11 days at room temperature.
Salmonella enteritidis can survive 1-9 days on pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.
Salmonella enteritidis can also survive on glass and Teflon for up to 17 days.
J Food Protection, 1999;62(7):805-7.
Soy Products Contain Pathogens
1998 survey looked at four brands of soy milk; five types of microorganisms found in stored soy milk samples. During storage at 5°C, microbial counts increased sharply after 2-3 weeks.1
1978 survey found Salmonella in many "health food" products, including soy flour, soy protein powder and soy milk powder. "The occurrence of this pathogen in three types of soybean products should warrant further investigation of soybean derivatives as potentially significant sources of Salmonella."2
1. J Food Protection, 1998; 61(9):1161-1164.
2. Applied & Environmental Microbiology, Mar 1979; 37(3):559-566.
Pathogens in Pasteurized Orange Juice
The FDA has ruled that all juice should be pasteurized, because raw juice might be a source of pathogens.
Yet researchers have found fungus that is resistant to pressure and heat in processed fruit juices.
One study found that 17% of Nigerian packages of orange juice and 20% of mango and tomato juices contained heat resistant fungi.1
Researchers also found E. coli in the orange juice that was pressure resistant and had survived pasteurization.2
In one study, heat-treated and acid-hydrolyzed orange juice was tested for mutagenic activity. The authors hypothesized that the heating process produces intermediate products, which under test conditions, give rise to mutagenicity, and cytotoxicity.3
In another study, gel filtration and high performance liquid chromatography were used to obtain mutagenic fractions from heated orange juice.4
1. Int J Food Sci Technology Oct 1995 30(5):587-590.
2. J Food Prot 1999 Mar 62(3):277-9.
3. Food-Chem 1989 31(4):289-294.
4. Food-Chem 1993 46(1):77-79.
Breast Milk Contains Pathogens
MISCONCEPTION: Until recently, the medical profession claimed that breast milk was sterile.
PATHOGENS: We now know that breast milk contains pathogens, often at very high levels.
IMMUNITY FOR LIFE: The bioactive components in milk program the baby to have immunity for life to any pathogens he comes in contact with.
PASTEURIZE BREAST MILK? Should mothers be required to pasteurize their own milk before giving it to their babies?
DISCRIMINATION: Laws prevent mothers from obtaining raw milk to feed their babies should their own supply be inadequate.
5. Scientific American, December 1995.
6. Lancet. 1984 Nov 17;2(8412):1111-1113.
7. Cent Afr J Med. 2000 Sep;46(9):247-51.
8. Eur J Pediatr. 2000 Nov;159(11):793-7.
9. J Dairy Sci 1991;74:783-787.
Pasteurization Reduces Protective Effects of Breast Milk
1984 study involving high-risk premature infants. Lancet. 1984 Nov 17;2(8412):1111-1113
Pasteurizing Breast Milk Puts Infants at Risk!
A recent outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a neonatal intensive care unit caused by a contaminated milk bank pasteurizer resulted in 31 cases of infection and four deaths.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed, 2003 Sep;88(5):F434-5.
Some Outbreaks Due to Pasteurized Milk
1976—1 outbreak Y. enterocolitica in 36 children, 16 of whom had appendectomies, due to pasteurized chocolate milk1
1982—172 cases, 100 hospitalized, Y. enterocolitica in several states from milk produced in Memphis, TN2
1983—1 outbreak, 49 cases, 14 deaths from L. monocytogenes in MA2
1984-85—3 outbreaks of antimicrobial-resistant S. typhimurium, at plant in Melrose Park IL.The third wave had 16,284 confirmed cases; surveys indicated as many as 197,581 persons may have been affected2
1985—1,500+ cases, Salmonella culture confirmed, in Northern IL2
1993-94—1 outbreak, 2014 cases/142 confirmed S. enteritidis due to pasteurized ice cream in MN, SD, WI6
1995—Outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica in 10 children, 3 hospitalized due to post-pasteurization contamination7
2000—1 outbreak, 98 cases/38 confirmed S. typhimurim in PA and NJ8
2005—1 outbreak, 200 cases C. jejuni in CO prison9
2006—1 outbreak, 1592 cases/52 confirmed C. jejuni infections in CA10
2007—1 outbreak, 3 deaths from L. monocytogenes in MA.11
Milk Safety in California
ORGANIC PASTURES: Since 1999, over 40 million servings of Organic Pastures raw milk, not one confirmed illness; in over 1,300 tests, not one proven illness and no pathogens found in the milk or milking area, or in any of the dairy cows being milked on the farm.
CLARAVALE: In Claravale Farm’s 80-year history, no consumers of their milk have ever gotten sick from milk-borne pathogens and no pathogens have ever been detected in the milk.
PASTEURIZED OUTBREAKS: Since 1999, several pasteurized milk products recalled and one publicized outbreak of illness due to pasteurized milk during the same period, an outbreak of Campylobacter that sickened 1,300 inmates in 11 state prisons.
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk I
1983 OUTBREAK of Campylobacter infection in Atlanta, GA blamed on raw milk.
EXTENSIVE TESTING failed to find Campylobacter or any other pathogens in any milk products from the dairy. All safety measures had been followed faithfully.
AUTHORS’ CONCLUSION: "The only means available to ensure the public’s health would be proper pasteurization before consumption."1
RAW MILK BANNED in Georgia as a result of this incident.
Am J Epidemiol. 1983 Apr;117(4):475-83.
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk II
OUTBREAK: November 2001 outbreak of Campylobacter in Wisconsin blamed on raw milk from a cow-share program in Sawyer County. The farm has an outstanding safety record.
OFFICIAL REPORT: 75 persons ill.1
INDEPENDENT REPORT: Over 800 ill during 12 weeks following Nov 10, 2001.
HAMBURGER LIKELY CAUSE: Only 24 of 385 cow-share owners became ill. Most had consumed hamburger at a local restaurant. No illness in remaining 361 cow-share owners.
BIAS: Local hospitals tested only those who said they had consumed raw milk; others sent home without investigation, so mostly raw milk drinkers included in report.
LAB TESTS CLEAN: Independent lab tests found no Campylobacter in the milk.2
1. MMWR 2002 JUN 28;51(25):548
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk III
CDC REPORT: In 2002, an outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium implicated raw milk purchased at a dairy producing certified milk in Ohio.1
SOURCE NOT DETERMINED: According to the CDC: "The source for contamination was not determined; however, the findings suggest that contamination of milk might have occurred during the milking, bottling or capping process."
MANY POSSIBLE SOURCES: There were many possible of vectors of illness on the dairy besides raw milk.
COINCIDENCE? The outbreak came just a week after the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation voted in favor of raw milk.
NO MORE RAW MILK SALES: The dairy, which had been in business for decades without incident, caved in to health department pressure.
1. MMWR 2002 JUN 28;51(25):548
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk IV
VANCOUVER ISLAND, five children from different families were diagnosed with an infection of E.coli O157:H7 after drinking raw goat’s milk1
BIAS: The report provides an excellent example of bias. The title, "Escherichia Coli O157 Outbreak Associated with the Ingestion of Unpasteurized Goat’s Milk in British Columbia, 2001" does not reflect the possible sources of infection presented in the report.
SAMPLES: One milk sample found "presumptively" positive after "enrichment" with a testing substance; no E.coli found in samples before "enrichment"; no E.coli found in second sample.
OTHER SOURCES: First child infected had also visited a petting farm (a common source of infection); all children lived on a cooperative farm (where contact with animals was a possible source of infection.) E. coli O157:H7 in water a huge problem in the nearby state of Washington due to run-off from industrial farms. E. coli infection usually comes from hamburger meat.
Canada Communicable Disease Report , 2002 JAN 01; 28-01(01)
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk V
North Carolina, 10/2000 – 1/2001, Outbreak of Listeriosis Associated with Homemade Mexican-Style Raw Cheese MMWR July 06, 2001 50(26);560-2; MacDonale and others. Clin Infec Dis. 2005;40(5):677-82
Results probably biased as "During the study, rumors spread that the suspected vehicle of infection was homemade Mexican-style cheese."
Case patients were almost five times as likely as controls to have eaten hot dogs. The outbreak occurred during a massive recall ofListeria -infected hotdogs (900,000 pounds of hotdogs) in 10 southeastern states.
Raeford Farms barbequed chickens were also recalled at time of outbreak—the company refused to comply with the recall!
Listeria was present in the bulk tank raw milk of a manufacturing-grade dairy equipped only to produced process dairy products; bulk tank raw milk from dairies equipped to sell milk as a beverage did not contain the organism.
Revised milking procedures focusing on thorough cleaning of teats and equipment got rid of Listeria contamination at the manufacturing-grade dairy.
NO PASTEURIZATION WAS NECESSARY to prevent contamination with Listeria.
Raw milk was the made a well-publicized whipping boy for widespread contamination problems in other foods.
Bias in Reporting Safety of Raw Milk VI
Virulent E. coli O157:H7 sickens up to 20,000 per year in US and kills several hundred.
Recent outbreak in California traced to contaminated spinach.
California officials blamed illness in 4 children during spinach outbreak on raw milk from Organic Pastures Dairy. Ordered quarantine of all OP raw milk products.
After extensive testing, no E. coli O157:H7 found in OP raw dairy products. Quarantine lifted. OP Dairy paid compensation.
FDA blames illnesses on OP raw milk in slides 56-59 of anti-raw milk PowerPoint.
FDA removes slides after letter from OP president Mark McAffee, who points out errors and reminds FDA officials that they are breaking food liability laws.
Officials still refer to this incident as though OP were to blame.
Slides Removed by FDA
FDA removed these erroneous slides after protest by Organic Pastures Dairy
Only two children were hospitalized; they were given antibiotics, which is contra-indicated for E. coli O157:H7 because it leads to HUS.
No pathogens were found in the milk or on the farm, except for in three heifers that were not being milked, and this was of another strain than that which caused the illness.
California Department of Farms and Agriculture made a payment to compensate the dairy for lost business.
Techniques for Blaming Raw Milk
When testing raw milk, use cultures to promote pathogen multiplication and highly sensitive milk testing techniques that find pathogens in extremely small numbers, levels that would not cause illness. (Any substance you test will show pathogens if the test is sensitive enough.)
Use new rapid testing techniques developed for the food industry that err on the side of finding false positives.
When there is an outbreak, use food questionnaires that leave out likely vectors of disease but ALWAYS include raw milk.
When there is an outbreak, test raw milk products first, and test open containers in the home setting rather than from the shelf. If a person is infected and has handled a raw milk product, the product may test positive for the organism. Omit testing other foods or raw milk products on the shelf (not handled by the consumer) but report a positive lab result for the opened container of raw milk product.
Omit subjects who got sick but did not drink raw milk.
Ignore equally likely or more likely sources of infection, such as visit to a farm or petting zoo, tap water or other foods.
Assume that statistical association constitutes proof. It is easy to create a statistical association with raw milk using the above techniques.
Issue inflammatory press releases accusing raw milk, which are not retracted when the dairy is exonerated.
Double Standard for Pasteurized Milk
Feb 24, 2006, Wal-Mart in Vidalia Georgia pulls pasteurized milk from shelves due to foul odor. Foodconsumer.org 28 Feb 06
At least one child seriously sick, not reported in news release. Private communication.
Voluntary recall announced Feb 27, three days later – no sense of urgency.
Wal-Mart applauded by Commissioner Tommy Irvin.
No government recalls; no warnings to the public to avoid drinking pasteurized milk.
Risky Behaviors? More Double Standards
FDA calls drinking raw milk "risky behavior."
1999 FDA Survey, 19,356 adults, 8 states. Am J Prev Med April 16(3):312-221
50% consumed uncooked eggs
20% consumed pink hamburgers
8% consumed raw oysters
1% consumed raw milk
2008 Study of 4,548 young college students. J Am Dietetic Assoc 108:549-552
53% consumed raw cookie dough
33% consumed eggs with runny yolks
29% consumed raw sprouts
11% consumed raw oysters, clams or mussels
7% consumed rare hamburger
Did not report raw milk consumption
None of the common "risky behaviors" has prominence on FDA’s website for food safety, but raw milk does.
No pasteurization requirement for common "risky behavior" foods.
FDA Powerpoint Warning Against Raw Milk
William Marler Anti-Raw Milk Paper
CDC Raw Milk "Outbreaks," 1998-2005
Comparative Safety of Raw Milk I
Comparative Safety of Raw Milk II
Comparative Safety of Raw Milk III
Raw Milk Production Today
Compared to 30-50 years ago, dairy farmers today can take advantage of many advancements that contribute to a safe product:
Managed rotational grazing, ensures healthy cows
Understanding of and effective testing for all zoonoses (diseases that cross-infect from animals to humans)
Understanding of how water-borne pathogens get into bulk milk and control measures. Effective cleaning systems.
Refrigerated bulk tanks
Easier and inexpensive milk testing techniques
During 1800s, the death rate was 50% among urban children drinking "Swill Milk," that is, milk produced in inner city confinement dairies, from cows fed brewery swill and raised in unimaginable filth. Called "The Milk Problem."
Water (usually from a well or dam) was often added to milk to make it go further; chalk was sometimes added.
Called "the oldest food fraud" in 1860 and still a problem today. There is a case before the courts in Australia of water deliberately added to milk in 2007!
Schmid, Ron, The Untold Story of Milk, NewTrends Publishing.
The Campaign Against Raw Milk I
Mandatory pasteurization first proposed by Abraham Jacobi, known as the father of American pediatrics
Left Berlin for NY after being jailed two years for high treason during political turmoil of the early 1850s; a socialist who corresponded with Karl Marx.
Fought the notion that raw milk was safe for infants.
Worked to convince a skeptical public that heating milk until bubbles appeared would save lives.
Biggest promoter of pasteurization was his close friend and fellow German émigré, Nathan Straus, owner of Macy’s. Invented phrase "Raw Milk Can Kill."
1892, Straus opened the Straus Pasteurized Milk Laboratory and soon introduced the first low-cost milk depots for the city’s poor.
Early arguments for pasteurization always admitted that certified raw milk was also acceptable. Pasteurized and raw milk coexisted for over 50 years.
Chemical Heritage , Spring 2009, 26-31
The Campaign Against Raw Milk IICoronet Magazine, May 1945
Article in Coronet Magazine, May, 1945
Seemingly factual article about a town called Crossroads, USA, where many died from undulant fever, contracted from raw milk
One small problem: the whole story was made up, there was no Crossroads, USA, and no outbreak of undulant fever!
The Campaign Against Raw Milk III
August, 1946, Reader’s Diges t repeated false story about Crossroads, USA
Lies about raw milk continue to this day!
Solution to the "Milk Problem"
The "Milk Problem" was solved by:
Outlawing inner city swill dairies
Improved water treatment
Replacement of the horse with the car
The Certified Raw Milk movement
Increased consumer access to refrigeration
…NOT by milk pasteurization laws
Decline of Infectious Disease Not Related to Mandatory Pasteurization
Raw Milk or Bad Water?
CHICAGO STUDY: Study of decline in Chicago mortality rates, 1850-1925, looked at three factors:
Milk Laws: 1893, began inspections to ensure milk had enough fat; 1908, law that milk must be pasteurized or certified pathogen-free.
2. Introduction of diphtheria anti-toxin in 1895
3. Improvement in water sanitation: 1893 closure of shoreline water intakes; 1900 opening of Chicago Drainage Channel.
CONCLUSION: The introduction of pure water explains 30-50% of Chicago’s mortality decline; other interventions had much smaller effects.
Death and the City: Chicago’s Mortality Transition, 1850-1925. Working Paper 11427 www.nber.org/papers/w11427.
Raw Milk or Bad Water??
Heat-Resistant Pathogens in Pasteurized Milk
Johne’s bacteria (paratuberculosis bacteria)– suspected of causing Crohn’s disease, now routinely found in pasteurized milk (19% of samples tested).1
B. Cereus spores, Botulism spores and Protozoan parasites survive pasteurization.2
Listeria monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 survive HTST pasteurization; various Bacillus and Clostridium species may also survive pasteurization.3
Dormancy of heat-treated E. Coli can cause typical laboratory culture techniques to underestimate presence of E. coli in pasteurized milk 100-fold.4
1. Appl & Environ Microbiol 2002 May;68(5):2428-35
2. Elliott Ryser. Public Health Concerns. In: Marth E, Stelle J, eds. Applied Dairy Microbiology, New York, Marcel Dekker, 2001.
Binderova and Rysanek. Veterinarni Medicina. 1999;44(10):301-308.
Gunasekera and others. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68(4):1988-1993 (and references therein).
Modern Milk Production
Highly industrialized, with many possibilities for contamination in the feedlots, and during and after processing.
Harsh solvents must be used to clean miles of pipes in the processing plant; impossible to prevent residues from contaminatingthe milk.
Feedlot vs. Pastured Cattle
Studies show that factory-farmed cattle have 300 times more pathogenic bacteria in their digestive tracts than cattle that are allowed to openly graze in pastures.
Peck, John E. "Spinach Crisis Reflects Need For Smaller Farms," The Capital Times, A8, October 2, 2006
Summary of Raw Milk Safety
SAFEST FOOD: Raw milk is safer than any other food. It is, after all, the only food suitable for the newborn, and the newborn has no immunity yet.
BUILT-IN SAFETY MECHANISMS: Raw milk is the ONLY food that has build in safety mechanisms.
40-YEAR-OLD SCIENCE: Claims that raw milk is unsafe are based on 40-year-old science.
COURT OF LAW: Claims that raw milk is unsafe would not hold up in a court of law.
RUSSIAN ROULETTE? Drinking raw milk from grass-fed animals is like playing Russian roulette--with no bullets in the chamber.
Ensuring Raw Milk Safety
From pasture-fed cows
Cows free of TB and undulant fever
Milk produced under sanitary conditions
Milk immediately placed in cold storage
Regular testing program for somatic cell count and pathogens
Regular testing of water on the farm.
Protective Components in Milk Fat
Short and Medium Chain Fatty Acids: Disrupt cell walls of bad bacteria.
Spingolipids: Bind to intestinal cells, prevent absorption of pathogens and toxins.
Fat-soluble vitamins A and D strengthen the immune system.
Pasteurized reduced-fat milk 3-5 times more likely to cause diarrhea in children and the elderly than pasteurized whole milk (Koopman, J S, et al, AJPH, 1984, 74:12:1371-1373 ).
People on lowfat diets tend to have weakened immune systems.
Drink only raw WHOLE milk!!
Raw Milk Production Handbook Excellent resource for safe raw milk production
Raw Milk Safe Handling Consumers Guide Excellent resource for safe raw milk handling in the home
Part 2: Is Raw Milk More Nutritious?
Proteins in Milk
MILK PROTEINS: Three dimensional, like tinker toys, very fragile
CARRIERS: Carry vitamins and minerals through the gut into the blood stream; comprise enzymes; enhance the immune system; protect against disease
IMMUNE DEFENSE: Pasteurization and ultra-pasteurization flatten (de-nature) the three-dimensional proteins, destroying their biological activity; the body thinks they are foreign proteins and mounts an immune defense.
DISEASES: Immune attacks lead to juvenile diabetes, asthma, allergies and other disorders later in life.
ALLERGIES: More and more people unable to tolerate pasteurized milk; one of the top eight allergies; some have violent reactions to it.
Raw Milk and Children - 1926
STUDY: 224 Children at the Boston Dispensary were fed either:
Raw Certified Milk, or
Grade A pasteurized milk, or
Grade A pasteurized milk plus cod liver oil, or
Raw Certified Milk plus cod liver oil and orange juice
CONCLUSION: "The use of certified milk [raw] without orange juice or cod liver oil gave a considerably greater percentage of weight development than either pasteurized milk alone or pasteurized milk with orange juice and cod liver oil. . . A larger use of certified milk in infant feeding should be encouraged by the medical profession.
Arch Ped 1926 JUN; 43:380
Raw Milk and Calcium Assimilation - 1928
COMPARISON: Investigators compared calcium and phosphorus utilization from raw, pasteurized, evaporated and dried milks.
LESS FAVORABLE BALANCES: Researchers obtained "less favorable calcium balances" in adults with pasteurized milk than with "fresh milk."
GRASS FED SUPERIOR: Milk from cows kept in the barn for five months gave less favorable calcium balances than did "fresh milk."
Raw Milk and Children - 1929
COMPARISON of 2 groups of babies.
Group I (122 babies) received raw milk
Group II (112 babies) received pasteurized milk.
WEIGHT GAIN was much better in group receiving raw milk
RICKETS occurred more frequently in the group receiving pasteurized milk; cases of rickets in the raw milk group were milder.
24 cases with 9 deaths in raw milk group
36 cases with 15 deaths in pasteurized milk group
Group I Raw Milk 10%
Group II Pasteurized Milk 16%
Arch Ped 1929; 46: 85
Raw Milk and Children – 1931Bias in Reporting Health Benefits
STUDY: 20,000 poor children (ages 5-12) in Lanarkshire schools in Scotland, funded in part by individuals in the dairy industry.
THREE GROUPS: 5,000 given ¾ pint raw milk per day; 5,000 given ¾ pint pasteurized milk per day; 10,000 received nothing.
"NO DIFFERENCE": Published final report (Nature, March 21, 1931) stated that those receiving milk had increase in rate of growth and that "the effects of raw and pasteurized milk on growth in weight and height are, so far as can be judged from this experiment, equal."
"RAW MILK BETTER": Bias caught by two scientists (Fisher and Bartlett) who published a critical evaluation of the original authors’ conclusions ( Nature, April 18, 1931). Growth, especially in boys, was actually better in those receiving raw milk. "Pasteurized milk was only 66 percent as effective in the case of boys and 91 percent as effective in the case of girls in inducing increases in weight; and 50 percent as effective in boys and 70 percent as effective in girls in bringing about increases in height."
Studies of Mattick and Golding - 1931
"Our results show definitely that some dietetic factors are destroyed when milk is sterilised, and to a definite but lesser degree when it is pasteurised, and that although fresh milk is capable of supporting sustained growth and reproduction in rats, heated milk is no longer capable of doing so."
Mattick EC and Golding J. The Lancet. Mar 22, 1931, p 667.
Rat Studies of Scott & Erf - 1931
By Dr. Ernest Scott and Professor Lowell Erf, Ohio State University, 1931
Jersey Bulletin 1931 50:210-211;224-226, 237
Anemia and Behavior
"Infants with chronic, severe iron deficiency have been observed to display increased fearfulness, unhappiness, fatigue, low activity, wariness, solemnity and proximity to the mother during free play, development testing and at home."
Anemic infants who did not receive iron supplementation "never smiled, never interacted socially, and never showed social referencing."
Lozoff B and others. Journal of Nutrition 137:683-689.
Studies of Mattick and Golding - 1935
Rats fed sterilized milk had hair loss; those fed raw milk did not.
Lowered reproductive capacity in rats fed sterilized milk.
"Two females which had received sterilized milk for about eight months showed remarkable improvement after receiving raw milk for about eleven weeks, and one gave birth to a litter when mated to a buck from the raw milk group. Previous to this, 15 matings had been attempted with does and bucks both reared on sterilized milk, and no signs of pregnancy were shown on any one of these occasions."
Mattick EC and Golding J. The Lancet. Sep 19, 1936, 703-704.
British Orphanage Study - 1937
Group I: 750 boys got pasteurized milk for 5 years.
Group II: 750 boys got raw milk for 5 years.
RESULTS FOR TB:
Group I had 14 cases of TB
Group II had 1 case.
OTHER BENEFITS: "The child on raw milk is very fit. Chilblains are practically eliminated. The teeth are less likely to decay. The resistance to tuberculosis and other infections is raised."
Lancet, May 8, 1937:1142
Randleigh Farm Rat Studies – 1935-1940
Raw vs. Pasteurized Milk at Randleigh Farm, 1935-1940
Above: Rat fed only raw milk. Good development, healthy fur.
Below: Rats fed only pasteurized milk. Poor development. Hairless areas (acrodynia) due to deficiency of vitamin B-6.
Randleigh Farm Study
One-to-One Exposure of Femur, Tibia and Fibula
Randleigh Farm Study
Rat fed pasteurized milk had poor color and compromised integrity of internal organs.
Cat Studies of Francis Pottenger, 1935-1940
Francis Pottenger lecture for Randleigh Farms.
Guinea Pig Studies of Wulzen & Bahrs - 1941
By Dr. Rosalind Wulzen and Alice Bahrs, Department of Zoology, Oregon State College 1941
Am J Physiology 1941, 133, 500
Study on Calves
1941 STUDY carried out at the West of Scotland Agricultural College at Auchincruive.
TWO GROUPS, each of eight calves, were fed, one group on raw milk, the other on pasteurized milk for 90 days
NO DEATHS IN RAW MILK GROUP: All the animals in the raw milk group finished the trial without mortality.
THREE DEATHS IN PASTEURIZED MILK GROUP: In the pasteurized milk group, two died before they were 30 days old, and a third died on the 92nd day; that is two days after the experiment.
ILL HEALTH IN PASTEURIZED MILK GROUP: The remaining calves in the pasteurization group were in ill health at the end of the experiment, while all of the animals in the raw ilk group were in excellent health.
JM Mercer. An Experiment in Milk Pasteurization. Nature's Path, March 1941. In Bryant CP. The Truth About Pasteurization, National Nutrition League, Seattle, Washington, 1943.
Raw Milk and Tooth Decay - 1943
Dr. Evelyn Sprawson of the London Hospital:
". . . In certain institutions, children who were brought up on raw milk. . . had perfect teeth and no decay. The result is so striking and unusual that it will undoubtedly be made the subject of further inquiry."
James C. Thomson, Pasteurized Milk, A National Menace.
The Kingston Chronicle . Edinburgh, Scotland, 1943,5.
Pasteurized Milk=Increasing Health Problems in Children
Frequent Ear Infections
Attention Deficit Disorder
During a period of rapid population growth, the market for fluid pasteurized milk has declined at 1% per year for the past 20 years. Fewer and fewer consumers can tolerate pasteurized (and ultrapasteurized) milk.
Frank Oski, MD, Don’t Drink Your Milk, 1983
Infants on Pasteurized Human Milk - 1986
Did not gain weight as quickly compared to those fed raw human milk. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1986 Mar-Apr;5(2):248-53.
More rapid weight gain in premature babies given raw human milk compared to pasteurized human milk. Problems attributed to destruction of lipase. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1986 Mar-Apr;5(2):242-7.
CDC website notes that breast milk is best protection to infants "against salmonellosis and many other health problems." Yet the agency warns against raw
milk as a cause of salmonellosis. Cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/salmonellosis_g.htm.
The Milk Cure
ANCIENT: Since ancient times, an exclusive raw milk diet has been used to cure many diseases.
MAYO CLINIC: In the early 1900s, the "Milk Cure" was used at the Mayo clinic to successfully treat cancer, weight loss, kidney disease, allergies, skin problems, urinary tract problems, prostate problems, chronic fatigue and many other chronic conditions.
ONLY WITH RAW MILK: The Milk Cure only works with raw milk; pasteurized milk does not have these curative powers.
Crewe, JR. "The Milk Cure," http://www.realmilk.com/milkcure.html
According to the CDC, asthma is the second most prevalent chronic condition among children. It results in approximately 14 million days of missed school each year. Asthma in children increased from 3.6% in 1980 to 7.5% in 1995, or approximately 5 million children.
What if we could prevent most of these cases through something as simple as offering raw milk in childhood?
CDC National Health Interview Survey Data
Asthma & Raw Milk - 2001
Exposure to farming in early life and development of asthma and allergy: a cross-sectional survey.
Summary: Long-term and early-life exposure to stables and [raw] farm milk induces a strong protective effect against development of asthma, hay fever, and atopic sensitization [rashes].
Lancet . 2001 Oct 6;358(9288):1129-33
Asthma & Raw Milk - 2006
Researchers in London concluded that children who even infrequently drank raw milk had significantly less current eczema symptoms and a greater reduction in atopy (allergic hypersensitivity).
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Jun;117(6):1374-81.
Asthma & Raw Milk – 2007
In a study of 14,893 children aged 5-13, consumption of raw milk was the strongest factor in reducing the risk of asthma and allergy, whether the children lived on a farm or not.
The benefits were greatest when consumption of farm milk began during the first year of life.
Clinical & Experimental Allergy . 2007 May; 35(5) 627-630.
Asthma & Foodborne Illness – Relative Risk
About 5,500 people in the US die from asthma each year.
About 1,250 people in the US die from food-borne pathogens from ALL sources. (No deaths from raw milk).
Thus, the risk of dying from asthma is over four times greater than the risk of dying from food-borne pathogens from ALL sources, and infinitely greater than the risk of dying from raw milk.
Raw Milk Digests Itself!
ACTIVATED ENZYMES: The enzymes in raw milk, when activated by the appropriate pH of the digestive tract, become activated and digest all the components in the milk.
NO WORK: The body’s digestive apparatus does not need to do any work to digest raw milk.
CURATIVE, ENERGIZING: This is a major reason raw milk has such extraordinary healing and energizing powers.
OVERBURDEN: Pasteurized milk puts a huge burden on the digestive apparatus and for many is impossible to digest.
Raw Milk and Casein Intolerance
Lowered Nutrient Availability in Pasteurized Milk
Part 3: Is Milk from Pastured Cows More Nutritious?
Confinement Dairy System
Cows never leave stalls; life span averages 42 months.
Confinement Dairy System
NOTE: We do NOT recommend raw milk from cows in the conventional dairy system!
Feed Given to Confinement Cows
Ethanol Production and Giant Dairies From the Ohio Farmer, July 12, 2007
Adulterated Food Definition
A food shall be deemed to be adulterated:
It bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to health; but in case the substance is not an added substance, the food shall not be considered adulterated under this subdivision if the quantity of the substance in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health.
According to this FDA definition, pasteurized milk is an adulterated food.
But FDA claims that raw milk is an adulterated food!
Pasture-Fed versus Stall-Fed
"Milk varies with the season and with the feeding of the cow, especially in regard to vitamin content…the public deserves to have the information that there is a great difference between the milk derived from pasture-fed cattle and that obtained in winter from stall-fed animals, unless particular attention is paid to their diet, and that dirty milk is a menace rather than a blessing."
American J Public Health 18:634, 1928
Cows on Pasture
Confinement vs. Grass-Fed Butter
Yellow color of grass-fed butter indicates it is rich in vitamins A, D, and K2, and Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), a substance that protects against cancer and helps with weight loss.
Nutrient Levels in Traditional Diets
The key finding of Dr. Weston A. Price:
Calcium and other Minerals – at least four times higher than the modern diet.
Vitamins A, D and K2– Ten times higher than the modern diet.
Traditional and Modern Face
The body requires high levels of available minerals and vitamins A, D and K2 starting in utero for wide facial development (on right) and optimum health. Weston Price showed that the modern diet leads to the elongation of the facial structure (on left) and increased susceptibility to disease.
Well-built facial structure of North Americans raised on raw dairy products from grass-fed cows, organ meats, sea food and cod liver oil.
Bill Cody’s Wild West Show, 1910
With one exception (circled in red) all individuals in this photo, both Native and European Americans, have excellent facial structure. Today the individual with good facial structure is the exception. Americans in 1910 drank raw milk from pasture-fed cows.
Sources of Vitamins A, D and K2 in the Traditional American Diet
Butter, cream, cheese and whole milk from grass-fed animals; eggs from pastured-chickens; cod liver oil; lard (vitamin D). Also, liver and other organ meats as in sausage, pate, liverwurst, scrapple, etc.
Real (Raw) Cheese from Grass-Fed Cows
The perfect, complete storage food. Contains calcium, phosphorus, CLA, many minerals, B vitamins including B12, vitamins A, D, E, K2, and even vitamin C.
Part 4: Is Raw Milk Better for Farmers?
Pasteurization Laws have destroyed rural life
Compulsory pasteurization laws, are largely responsible for the decline of American small towns and rural life. Pasteurization laws transform what should be a local value-added product that keeps wealth in the local economy and into a commodity product that transfers wealth to large international corporations.
Milk Prices – 2007
$16-17 per hundredweight
$20-25 per hundredweight
RAW MILK DIRECT SALES
$50-$250 per hundredweight
Milk Prices – 2009
$12 per hundredweight
(Average on-farm cost of production = $15.75)
$16 per hundredweight
(Two main organic dairy companies
dropped 10% of their farms in 2009)
Conventional dairy farms, no matter what the herd size,
are losing $1.10 per head per day
RAW MILK DIRECT SALES
$50-$250 per hundredweight
Conventional Dairy Farm Economics
30 cows producing 190 hundredweight of milk per year
Farmers receives about $12 per hundredweight – comparable to price received in WW II
GROSS INCOME $68,000 per year
Costs include feed (to get high milk yield), vet bills and replacement cows (average life of cow is 42 months)
In 2002, dairy farms went out of business at a rate of 16 farms per day
Economics of Pasture-Based Mixed Farm with Direct Sales
30 Cows on 100 Acres
Cows produce 100 hundredweight of milk each per year
Farmer sells milk at $5 per gallon and equivalent price for cream, butter and cheese
Gross income from milk and milk products = $150,000
Minimal input for feed, vet bills; no replacement cow costs
PLUS – whey and skim milk used to feed pigs and chickens. Income from eggs, broilers, turkeys, pork, beef, veal and broth =$50,000 with minimal input for feed, etc.
GROSS INCOME $200,000 per year, with much lower costs.
Conventional Dairy vs Raw Dairy: Conservative Estimate
200 acres to raise feed
5460 hdwt total
Additional Sales: None
NET: Loss of $12,000
The Multiplier Effect
Every $1 earned on the farm = $5-7 for the local community.
If 10% of the population would buy raw milk and other products directly from the farm, we would need 75,000 farms, all making at least $200,000 per year.
Raw milk sales hold the potential for a huge rural revival.
Pasture-Based Mixed Farm
Impediments to Ideal Model
Biased, capricious permitting process
National Animal Identification System (NAIS) — The Fulfillment of the Marxist Dream
Looming Food Safety Legislation, HR 2749, S 510— would it give FDA jurisdiction over raw milk sales?
Animals as Units of Production
Key provision of Marx’s Communist Manifesto
Industrial Crimes, Especially For Agriculture
Another key provision of Marx’s Communist ManifestoPhotos from raid of Michael Schmidt’s farm in Ontario, Canada, November 21, 2006
NAIS — The Agenda
NAIS is designed to eliminate grass-based livestock through the enforcement of industrial crimes for agriculture.
It is the industry’s attempt to eliminate the emerging competition from pasture-based farms.
The Milk Industry
Concentrated in four companies: Land O’Lakes, Foremost, Dean Foods, Dairy Farmers of America.
CEOs typically make over $1 million per year
Powerful behind-the-scenes lobbying group
Opposes competition of raw milk, especially as it allows farmers to get a higher price for their milk.
Example of Dairy Industry Clout
In January, 2008, Martha Stewart aired a segment about raw milk at Smith Family Farm in Maine.
The milk industry then conducted "outreach" with Stewart to "educate" her on the dangers of raw milk consumption.
"We discussed our concerns with Stewart’s producers at length, and were provided assurances that she will not talk about raw milk throughout her partnership with MilkPEP [Milk Processors Education Program] and additionally, that she will consider changing her overall position and commentary on raw milk in the future.
(Midwest Dairy Association Update, March 2008)
The Good News!
Retail Sales of Raw Milk: Allowed in 8 states (CA, WA, AZ, NM, SC, ME, PA, CT)
On-Farm Sales of Raw Milk: About 28 states.
Raw Milk as Pet Food: Available in 4 states (GA, NC, FL, ND)
Raw Milk widely available through cow-boarding or farm-share agreements in WI, MI, TN, VA, CO, OH, IN.
Worst state laws for raw milk: HI, MD, RI, NJ, NV, ID, WV, IA, MT, WY. (Yet Raw milk from Pennsylvania widely available in MD and NJ.)
Raw milk easily available in about 42 states.
Raw Milk in Europe
Legal in England and Wales – the royal family drinks raw milk!
Widely available in continental Europe through vending machines. . . even in schools!
Hard to get in Scandinavia, Ireland.
Farm-To-Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF)
Legal Defense for Small Farmers
Raw Milk Protection
Right to On-Farm Processing and Direct Sales
Legal Opposition to NAIS
Help with farm-share and cow-share programs
Recent legal successes in Ohio, New York, Pennsylvania, California
Phone: (703) 208-FARM
All truth passes through three stages.
First, it is ridiculed.
Second, it is violently opposed.
Third, it is accepted as self-evident.
The Weston A. Price Foundation westonaprice.org
Yearly Shopping Guide
Healthy Baby Issue Heart Disease Issue
A Campaign for Real Milk
A Project of the
Weston A. Price Foundation
Many articles on raw milk and raw cheese; sources for raw milk.
The Untold Story of Milk REVISED AND UPDATED
by Ron Schmid
New Trends Publishing
Nutrition and Physical Degeneration
Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation
Summary: Traditional diets maximized nutrients while modern diets minimize nutrients
TRADITIONAL DIETS MODERN DIETS
Foods from fertile soil Foods from depleted soil
Choice of organ meats over muscle meats Muscle meats, few organ meats
Animal fats Vegetable oils
Animals on pasture Animals in confinement
Dairy products raw and/or fermented Dairy products pasteurized
Grains and legumes soaked/fermented Grains refined and/or extruded
Bone broths MSG, artificial flavorings
Unrefined sweeteners (honey, maple syrup) Refined sweeteners
Lacto-fermented vegetables Canned vegetables
Lacto-fermented beverages Modern soft drinks
Unrefined salt Refined salt
Natural vitamins in foods Synthetic vitamins added to foods
Traditional cooking Microwave, irradiation
Traditional seeds/open pollination Hybrid seeds, GMO seeds